The Bem Sex Role Inventory (BEM) was designed for conducting empirical research on psychological androgyny. It is also used for workshops and counseling on gender awareness. The BEM contains sixty personality characteristics. Twenty of the characteristics are stereotypically feminine (e.g., affectionate, gentle, understanding, sensitive to the needs of others) and twenty are stereotypically masculine (e.g., ambitious, self-reliant, independent, assertive). The BEM also contains twenty filler items (e.g., truthful, happy, conceited). A short-form version of this scale, using 30 items, is also available.