Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale (SHAPS; Snaith et al, 1995). The SHAPS is a 14-item scale that measures anhedonia, the inability to experience pleasure. The items cover the domains of: social interaction, food and drink, sensory experience, and interest/pastimes. A score of 2 or less constitutes a “normal” score, while an “abnormal” score is defined as 3 or more. Each item has four possible responses: strongly disagree, disagree, agree, or strongly agree. Either of the “disagree” responses score one point, and either of the “agree” responses score 0 points. Thus, the final score ranges from 0 to 14. The SHAPS has adequate construct validity and satisfactory test-retest reliability (ICC=0.70) (Franken et al, 2007). High internal consistency has also been reported (Cronbach’s alpha of 0.94) (Franken et al, 2007).